Weekly News via Email
   Set as homepage | Add to favorites | Customer Service | Subscribe Now | Place an Ad | Contact Us | Sitemap Friday, 10.24.2014
Classifieds
News Archive
Su Mo Tu We Th Fr Sa
 1  2
 3  4  5  6  7  8  9
 10  11  12  13  14  15  16
 17  18  19  20  21  22  23
 24  25  26  27  28  29  30
Online Extras
Site Services
Around Bend
Outdoor Fun
Travel Info
Shop Local




Members Of



Poll: Today's Live Poll
Email to a friend | Print this | PDF version | Comments (0 posted) 
  Blogger |   del.icio.us |   digg |   newsvine

Jun 22,2007
New World’s first gunshot victim identified
by UPI

Ar­chae­o­lo­gists have un­cov­ered the ske­l­e­ton of the first doc­u­mented gun­shot vic­tim in the New World in an In­ca cem­e­tery out­side Li­ma, Pe­ru. The body is thought to be the first fo­ren­sic­ally prov­en cas­u­al­ty of the Span­ish con­quest, one of 72 ap­par­ent vic­tims of an up­ris­ing against the con­quis­ta­dors.

The find, from a team led by Pe­ruvian ar­chae­o­lo­gist and Na­tional Ge­o­graph­ic grant­ee Guillermo Cock, was an­nounced June 20 by the Na­tional Ge­o­graph­ic So­ci­e­ty.

Courtesy National Geographic

Cock, who has worked more than 20 years to un­der­stand these In­di­an gravesites, had dug a test trench in a hill­side in the sub­urb of Pu­ru­chu­co at the re­quest of the Li­ma city gov­ern­ment, which planned a road there. In the trench, Cock and ar­chae­o­lo­gist col­league El­e­na Goy­co­chea struck a set of graves and con­clud­ed that the spot had been a cem­e­tery. 

Since they be­gan dig­ging in 2004, the team has ex­ca­vat­ed about 500 skel­e­tons dat­ing back some 500 years to the In­ca civ­il­iz­a­tion. Called the “Ro­mans of the New World,” the In­ca con­quered the en­tire An­de­an re­gion un­til their reign ended in 1532 with the Span­ish in­va­sion.

Cock found that 72 of the bod­ies on the hill­side had been bur­ied with­out the usu­al In­ca rev­er­ence for death, such as be­ing rit­u­ally wrapped, placed in a crouched po­si­tion and fac­ing east. “These bod­ies were strangely bur­ied,” Cock said. “They were not fac­ing the right di­rec­tion, they were tied up or hastily wrapped in a sim­ple cloth, they had no of­fer­ings and they were bur­ied at a shal­low depth. Some of the bod­ies al­so showed signs of ter­ri­ble vi­o­lence. They had been hacked, torn, im­paled—in­juries that looked as if they had been caused by iron weapon­s—and sev­er­al had in­ju­ries on their heads and faces that looked as if they were caused by gun­shots.”

One of the skulls bore an en­trance and ex­it wound, and near­by a plug of bone that might have been blast­ed out of the skull was found. At first, Cock thought the holes in the skull were mod­ern—re­sult­ing from van­dals. But the plug of bone, recov­ered in­tact, re­flected an im­pact much less force­ful than any mod­ern gun­shot and car­ried a dis­tinct con­cave im­print highly sug­ges­tive of a mus­ket ball, they said.

Fur­ther tests, in­clud­ing scan­ning for traces of met­al, con­firmed the hunch, they added. Edges of the holes in the skull and the en­tire bone plug were found to be im­preg­nated with frag­ments of iron, a met­al some­times used for Span­ish mus­ket balls. It ap­pears that a mus­ket ball less than an inch in di­am­e­ter had punched in­to the back of the skull and passed through the head, leav­ing pieces of iron deep in­side the bone that stayed there for 500 years.

The guns used to in­flict these in­ju­ries would have been some of the world’s first firearms—16th-century Eu­rope’s most ad­vanced mil­i­tary tech­nol­o­gy, ac­cord­ing to mil­i­tary his­to­ri­an John Guil­martin of West Point Mil­i­tary Acad­e­my. “The Spaniards knew how to use them,” he said.

Cock and his team be­lieve the killings took place in the sum­mer of 1536 dur­ing an In­ca up­ris­ing against the Span­ish oc­cu­piers led by Fran­cis­co Pi­zar­ro, known as the siege of Li­ma. Among the 72 hastily bur­ied bod­ies were sev­er­al wom­en and ado­les­cents. Cock said these would not have been sol­diers but at­ten­dants and sup­port­ers of the war­riors, who cooked, car­ried sup­plies and took care of the in­jured.

The bod­ies were hastily bur­ied most likely be­cause the In­ca, in the midst of the up­ris­ing, had no time or re­sources to bury their dead in the ap­pro­pri­ate, tra­di­tion­al man­ner.

Courtesy Cell Press and World Science staff

1401 times read

Related news
Herod’s tomb reported found by Bend_Weekly_News_Sources posted on May 11,2007

Probing ancient shipwrecks with DNA by Bend_Weekly_News_Sources posted on Jan 04,2008

Ancient wolves had bone-crushing teeth, scientists find by Bend_Weekly_News_Sources posted on Jun 22,2007

Dino 'mummy' has skin turned to stone by Bend_Weekly_News_Sources posted on Dec 07,2007

Cosmic mystery 'solved' after decades by Bend_Weekly_News_Sources posted on Nov 16,2007

Did you enjoy this article? Rating: 5.00Rating: 5.00Rating: 5.00Rating: 5.00Rating: 5.00 (total 21 votes)

Market Information
Breaking News
Most Popular
Most Commented
Featured Columnist
Horoscope Guide
Aquarius Aquarius Libra Libra
Aries Aries Pisces Pisces
Cancer Cancer Sagittarius Sagittarius
Capricorn Capricorn Scorpio Scorpio
Gemini Gemini Taurus Taurus
Leo Leo Virgo Virgo
Local Attractions
Bend Visitors & Convention Bureau
Bend Visitors & Convention Bureau

Mt. Bachelor Resort
Mt. Bachelor Resort

Les Schwab Ampitheater
Les Schwab Ampitheater

Deschutes County Fairgrounds
Deschutes County
Fairgrounds

Tower Theatre
Tower Theatre

The High Desert Museum

Advertisements



Deschutes County

Google  
  Web    BendWeekly.com
© 2006 Bend Weekly News
A .Com Endeavors, Inc. Company.
All Rights Reserved. Terms under
which this service is provided to you.
Please read our Privacy Policy. Contact us.
Bend Weekly News & Event Guide Online
   Save the Net
Advertisement
External sites open in new window,
not endorsed by BendWeekly.com
Subscribe in NewsGator Online
Add to Google Add to MSN Add to My AOL
What are RSS headlines?